Preparation and characterization of polysulfones containing both hexafluoroisopropylidene and trimethylsilyl groups as gas separation membrane materials

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/ma035739i
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMacromolecules
ISSN0024-9297
Volume37
Issue4
Pages14031410; # of pages: 8
AbstractTrimethylsilylated derivatives of hexafluoropolysulfone (6FPSf) and tetramethylhexafluoropolysulfone (TM6FPSf) were prepared by reaction of lithiated polymer intermediates with halotrimethylsilane electrophiles for a membrane gas separation study to compare improvements in gas permeabilities with those of unmodified polymers. Ortho sulfone substituted 6FPSf and TM6FPSf having pendant trimethylsilyl (TMS) groups were obtained by a two-step process involving first direct lithiation of 6FPSf and TM6FPSf solutions with n-butyllithium to afford ortho sulfone dilithiated intermediates, followed by reaction with a TMS electrophile. The corresponding ortho ether 6FPSf derivative was obtained by lithiation of dibrominated 6FPSf at the bromine sites, followed by reaction with a TMS electrophile. The degree of substitution (DS) of the TMS groups was 2.0 and was dependent on the molar ratio of n-butyllithium and electrophile quantity, electrophile reactivity, and reaction conditions. Detailed structural characterization and DS of the modified polymers were obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The glass transition temperatures and thermal stabilities were determined by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. Polymer chain d-spacing was investigated using wide-angle X-ray diffraction. Polymer free volume was calculated from the polymer density and specific van der Waals volume. The polymer gas permeability coefficients (P) were measured for He, CO2, O2, and N2. Both CO2 and O2 permeabilities of modified 6FPSf increased by 8-9-fold (P(CO2) = 110 barrers, P(O2) = 28 barrers) compared with those of the starting polymer 6FPSf (P(CO2) = 12 barrers, P(O2) = 3.4 barrers), which gives P and properties very close to the upper bound line.1 Almost no reduction in permselectivity () was observed for the CO2/N2 gas pair, while the O2/N2 gas pair showed moderate reduction.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology (ICPET-ITPCE); NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (IFCI-IIPC); National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
Identifier10061873
NRC number46459
NPARC number8906267
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Record identifier999e0659-596c-4a9a-8e59-1dbc6d6041c4
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2016-05-09
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