Cathepsin protease activity modulates amyloid load in extracerebral amyloidosis

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Pages478487; # of pages: 10
SubjectCholesterol; Cysteine; Human; In Vitro; Mice; pathology; Peptides; pha; Protease; Protein
AbstractIn cerebral amyloidoses, such as Alzheimer's disease, proteolytic processing of the precursor protein is a fundamental mechanism of the disease, since it generates the amyloid protein. However, the putative significance of proteases in extracerebral amyloidoses is less well defined. In this study, we investigated the biological significance of cathepsin (Cath) B, CathK, and CathL in the pathology and pathogenesis of extracerebral amyloidoses by using the murine model of reactive or secondary AA amyloidosis with three different cathepsin-deficient mouse strains. Extracerebral AA amyloid was induced by injecting amyloid-enhancing factor and silver nitrate into CathB(-/-), CathK(-/-), and CathL(-/-) mice. Wild-type mice served as a control. CathK(-/-) mice deposited over 90% more amyloid and CathL(-/-) mice 60% less amyloid than the control (p < 0.0001). The amyloid load in CathB(-/-) mice did not differ from that in wild-type mice. In vitro degradation experiments with recombinant human and murine serum amyloid A (SAA) 1.1 and CathK and CathL showed that CathL generates a large number of differently sized SAA cleavage products. One of these fragments spans the heparin/heparan sulphate binding site and the neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase activating region of SAA. CathK showed only endoproteolytic activity and did not generate any AA amyloid-like peptides. This study provides unequivocal evidence that proteases modulate amyloid load in extracerebral amyloidosis. CathL was identified as an amyloid-promoting and CathK as an amyloid-retarding cysteine protease. CathB may only modulate the primary structure of the amyloid peptide without affecting amyloid load. Copyright (c) 2006 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number47530
NPARC number3539947
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Record identifierbe4c74a0-1aa4-4c56-9f9e-96be7927af12
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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