Genetically engineered hairy root cultures of Hyoscyamus senecionis and H. muticus: ploidy as a promising parameter in the metabolic engineering of tropane alkaloids

Download
  1. Available on July 13, 2018
  2. Get@NRC: Genetically engineered hairy root cultures of Hyoscyamus senecionis and H. muticus: ploidy as a promising parameter in the metabolic engineering of tropane alkaloids (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-017-2178-0
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titlePlant Cell Reports
ISSN0721-7714
1432-203X
Pages# of pages: 12
Subjecthairy roots; metabolic engineering; methyl jasmonate; tetraploidy; tropane alkaloids
AbstractKey Message: Tetraploidy improves overexpression of h6h and scopolamine production of H. muticus, while in H. senecionis, pmt overexpression and elicitation can be used as effective methods for increasing tropane alkaloids. Abstract: The effects of metabolic engineering in a polyploid context were studied by overexpression of h6h in the tetraploid hairy root cultures of H. muticus. Flow cytometry analysis indicated genetic stability in the majority of the clones, while only a few clones showed genetic instability. Among all the diploid and tetraploid clones, the highest level of h6h transgene expression and scopolamine accumulation was interestingly observed in the tetraploid clones of H. muticus. Therefore, metabolic engineering of the tropane biosynthetic pathway in polyploids is suggested as a potential system for increasing the production of tropane alkaloids. Transgenic hairy root cultures of Hyoscyamus senecionis were also established. While overexpression of pmt in H. senecionis was correlated with a sharp increase in hyoscyamine production, the h6h-overexpressing clones were not able to accumulate higher levels of scopolamine than the leaves of intact plants. Applying methyl jasmonate was followed by a sharp increase in the expression of pmt and a drop in the expression of tropinone reductase II (trII) which consequently resulted in the higher biosynthesis of hyoscyamine and total alkaloids in H. senecionis.
Publication date
PublisherSpringer
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationAquatic and Crop Resource Development; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC numberNRC-ACRD-56362
NPARC number23002225
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifiereb694767-af9a-4600-9206-72799a8bad9d
Record created2017-09-07
Record modified2017-09-07
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)